Activities of Daily Living – These include basic self-care activities such as feeding, grooming, toileting, dressing, and general hygiene. Being able to complete these skills independently is important and development of children in the growth.
Occupational therapists are trained to assist children in developing the necessary skills to complete activities that support their daily functioning and participation. Depending on a child’s particular diagnosis or functional deficits, a variety of interventions might be used to support their performance and participation in daily activities. Typically, teaching these skills will require more than just stating the steps of what needs to be done; repeated modelling, use of visuals to promote memory and sequencing, and other compensatory methods (e.g. adaptive equipment, modifying the task) may all be utilized to ensure children can perform daily tasks to the best of their abilities.
In addition, Daily Living Skills may be addressed in Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) through the use of task analysis and chaining. A task analysis is a comprehensive list of steps needed to complete an activity (i.e. listing all the steps in hand-washing). Once the steps have been established, determining how the skills will be taught (chaining) is decided on based on the individuals’ current level of ability. The skill set may be taught start to finish (forward chaining), or the end steps taught first (backward chaining), or all at once.